Richmond and Niagara needs a four way stop. This little intersection is currently on one end of our new major cycling route and an excellent alternative way to get downtown from Queen or King. It's also the point where Richmond does a jog and then continues west a little south of there. But there's no easy way to navigate that, and little Niagara has a lot of car traffic.

I went into this thinking, This is a no brainer. The City wants continuous cycling routes and people connect Richmond to Strachan and then to Adelaide and then through CAMH and on to Sudbury. This would mean that we would have a continuous cycling route all the way from Parliament to Gladstone! Turns out that it's been work to convince the City of this obvious choice and even then it can easily get shut down by blind processes that ignore any overarching ambitions of the City.

Connecting Richmond to the rest of Richmond
Richmond and Niagara are on the top right and on the bottom left you can see where Adelaide crosses Shaw and then you can go through CAMH. It's all marked as a cycling route but you're left to your own devices.

Top of mind should have been "How can we make this cycling route continuous, more inviting and get more people wanting to bike?" but instead I was passed off to Traffic Operations who figures that creating good cycling routes is none of their business. Instead they've got their procedure: look at traffic speeds, look at number of historical collissions and then make a ruling on that: thumbs up or thumbs down. Turns out Richmond and Niagara doesn't meet the test. It matters not one whit that it's a brand new cycling route nor that we should be making cycling easier.

On August 2014 I made the request with support from the Ward 19 Cycle Toronto group to Councillor Mike Layton's office for a four way stop at Richmond and Adelaide. Layton's office said they had actually already looked into it but they couldn't recall the outcome. So they requested Cycling staff to come back with a response. Lukasz Pawlowski, a planner in the Cycling Unit, passed the buck to Traffic Operations. When I asked Lukasz directly for his opinion, he said:

A four-way stop may not be feasible given the extent of the off set. We could look into putting up some signage on Niagara, to warn drivers to look for bikes.

I would have to take a look in the field to provide any more comments. Also, I would need to see if this intersection meets the warrant criteria for such an installation.

So there's the key phrase: warrrant criteria. Will this request meet the test that was created in complete ignorance of other concerns or goals? The warrant lets us completely ignore any City goals to reduce our car dependency and make cycling routes more attractive. We can look at every intersection as an isolated microcosm where we can just look up the stats and give our stamp of disapproval.

I waited for a more complete response. I waited 8 months, no response. I emailed Lukasz and no response. I emailed Layton's office and they told me that a request had been made to Transportation Services for a four way stop and they were waiting for a response the following week.

Eight months even later, I emailed Layton's office again and they emailed back quickly with the Traffic Operations response. Denied!

It is reported that there are safety issues at these intersections, resulting from the recent installation of the contra-flow bike lane on Richmond Street West, east of Niagara Street. Accordingly, reviews were undertaken for the installation of all-way "Stop" sign control at the intersection of Richmond Street West and Niagara Street, The following summarizes the results of our review.

Existing Conditions
Richmond Street West is a local roadway that operates one-way in the westbound direction between Niagara Street and Strachan Avenue. It generally has a width of 7.3 metres, between Niagara Street and Walnut Avenue, and 6.4 metres, between Walnut Avenue (north leg) and Strachan Avenue, with a regulatory speed limit of 50 km/h.

The west leg of Richmond Street West is uncontrolled with its intersection at Niagara Street. Niagara Street is a collector roadway that operates two-way in the northbound and southbound directions between Queen Street West and King Street West. It generally has a width of 8.5 metres north of, and 7.3 metres south of, Richmond Street West (west leg) and a posted speed limit is 40 km/h. There is no TTC service provided at this intersection. The land use in the vicinity of this intersection is generally residential.

Richmond Street West intersects the east side of Strachan Avenue in a "Stop" controlled, 'T'-type intersection. Strachan Avenue is a collector roadway that operates two-way in the northbound and southbound directions between Queen Street West and King Street West. It generally has a width of 8.5 metres and a posted speed limit is 40 km/h. There is no TTC service provided at this intersection. The land use in the vicinity of this intersection is generally residential.

Collision Review
Collision statistics provided by the Toronto Police Service for the three-year period ending October 31, 2013 disclosed that no collisions had occurred at the intersection of Richmond Street West and Niagara Street and one collision had occurred at the intersection of Richmond Street West and Strachan Avenue. This collision involved a westbound left turning motorist that struck a northbound cyclist. The westbound motorist proceeded from a stop before it was safe and struck the northbound cyclist. The cyclist sustained major injuries and the motorist was charged.

All-way "Stop" Sign Control

Richmond Street West and Niagara Street

The intersection of Richmond Street West and Niagara Street was evaluated against the warrants for the implementation of all-way "Stop" sign control adopted by City Council. The warrants governing the installation of "Stop" signs encompass such factors as right-of-way conflicts, vehicular and pedestrian usage of the intersection, physical and geometric configuration, surrounding traffic control and collision experience. Information obtained through a September 24, 2014 traffic count at the subject intersection coupled with the collision data was evaluated against the installation warrants for all-way "Stop" sign control. Based on our evaluation, this intersection does not meet the warrants for the installation of all-way "Stop" sign control.

Specifically, the warrant requires the following criteria be met (actual study results provided in brackets):

Warrant 'A' Collision History
There must be an average of two potentially preventable collisions per year, averaged over a three-year period (0.0 collisions/year - warrant not met)

Warrant 'B' Traffic Volume
1. a) The total vehicle volume on all approaches, averaged over the four peak hours, must exceed 375 (493 vehicles/hour - warrant met)
b) The combined vehicle and pedestrian volume on the side-street, averaged over the four peak hours, must exceed 150 (80 vehicles & pedestrians/hour - warrant not met)
2. The main street/side-street volume split does not exceed 70/30 (86/14 - warrant not met)

Based on our review, the installation of all-way "Stop" sign control is not warranted at the intersection of Richmond Street West and Niagara Street. Therefore, we do not support the installation at either of these intersections.

So basically they used data from before the installation of the bike lane when bike traffic was much lower to determine whether or not anything should be done now that the bike lane is installed. That is inappropriate and shoddy. (Note in our bizarro world: Richmond, a very residential street at this point has a posted speed of 50 but Niagara which is mixed is 40. What the hell.)

Now that I got a no from Traffic Operations, doesn't mean it's all over. Layton's office has now asked cycling staff to look at it again in terms of the visions for the cycling corridor. I have to give Layton's office credit for keeping on top of this despite the general lack of interest by Transportation Services.

I'm going to give the Cycling Unit some benefit of the doubt. They were quite busy and they do have a new Bike Plan in the works. But still, it's been a couple years and all we got was a response that it didn't meet a warrant. It's not about the bloody warrant! It's a cycling route and the Cycling Unit should be picking the easy fruit which can make a big impact. We've had a number of situations where we brought to the attention of planners some obvious problem areas where small changes could improve the quality and continuity of the cycling route.

I fear that the warrant is a minimum threshold and that the City tied its own hands are tied depsite all the other benefits. Transportation Services likes warrants because they don't have to think about any other goals. It's a great way to get residents to shut up about installing speed humps or stop signs to help slow down car traffic on their streets. Transportation Services is in the business of making cars go. There's been some movement from the chief Buckley with initiatives like narrowing the recommended lane widths, which should help with installing new bike lanes. But given my experience we've still got a long way to go.

I've been disappointed with how disjointed the Cycling Unit has treated this corridor. We (as in Ward 19) pressed them on the key gaps in their cycling route, each of them relatively easy to fix: Bathurst and Adelaide, Richmond and Niagara, Richmond and Strachan, and the southwest entrance of CAMH where it connects to Sudbury. Here's what we've been producing for the City to get them to recognize the problems and the opportunities:

Adelaide Bathurst fixes
Ward 19 proposal for improving this crazy intersection
CAMH gate
This was my take on little things they could do to improve the entrance at the southwest end of CAMH. I took the photo from Sudbury looking north. It's a good route, people just don't know about it. Luckily CAMH is willing to play ball to some extent so we're hopeful.

We have very few options on this end of town. If we can't get bike lanes on Queen nor King then we've got to fight for the scraps. And even then it'll be hard to give people good, protected cycling routes further west into Parkdale.


Sun, 04/03/2016 - 18:12

Outcomes aside, the soul sucking speed of bureaucracy makes a glacial retreat look like warp speed, it's enough to try any advocate's resolve.

Post refusal, perhaps the hazards of the Richmond/Niagara intersection will be ameliorated by the impending 30 km/h speed limit (if indeed it's enforced). Are Richmond and Niagara slated for speed limit reductions?

That the "Cycling Unit" deferred to Traffic Operations is disappointing. Perhaps I'm misunderstanding its role but shouldn't the CU liaise with bureaucrats to move its political agenda (coherent bikelane network) forward; that is, consult, rather than just submit to Traffic Operations' pro forma threshold for action? Really, this is a case of political will: if downtown councillors made it a priority it would be done regardless of warrant criteria.

I love your treatment of Portugal Square: a rational and elegant treatment. Here's my concern: if it would be seriously considered, aren't you wary that, given Traffic Operations perverse concern with motorists' prerogatives, your proposal would be amended to allow autos to turn left off Adelaide W. across Bathurst? Perhaps I'm just too cynical.

Thu, 04/14/2016 - 13:27

Nice to have the details of a part of the struggle available, though at times it may be less of a deal than it's made out to be. However, that said, absolutely, we need to have a major boost in the east-west bike travel safety and City Wall of Caronto remains car-centric to the point that we really could use a divorce from the suburbs.